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Canadian Journal of Cardiology

The Evolving Role of Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Image Analysis

Published:October 03, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cjca.2021.09.030

      Abstract

      Research in artificial intelligence (AI) has progressed over the past decade. The field of cardiac imaging has seen significant developments using newly developed deep learning methods for automated image analysis and AI tools for disease detection and prognostication. This review is aimed at those without special background in AI. We review AI concepts and survey the growing contemporary applications of AI for image analysis in echocardiography, nuclear cardiology, cardiac computed tomography, cardiac magnetic resonance, and invasive angiography.

      Résumé

      La recherche en intelligence artificielle (IA) a progressé au cours de la dernière décennie. Le domaine de l’imagerie cardiaque a connu des avancées significatives. Ainsi, de nouvelles méthodes d’apprentissage profond permettent maintenant l’analyse automatisée d’images, et des outils d’IA sont utilisés pour la détection et le pronostic des maladies. Le présent article de synthèse s’adresse à des lecteurs sans connaissances particulières en IA. Nous passons en revue les concepts de l’IA et nous offrons une vue d’ensemble des applications contemporaines toujours plus nombreuses de l’IA en matière d’analyse d’images dans les domaines de l’échocardiographie, de la cardiologie nucléaire, de la tomodensitométrie cardiaque, de l’imagerie par résonance magnétique cardiaque et de l’angiographie invasive.
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