Canadian Journal of Cardiology

A Call to Action: Optimizing Indigenous Cardiovascular Health in Canada


      Indigenous peoples in Canada continue to experience substantially higher rates of cardiovascular disease compared to non-Indigenous Canadians. Herein, we 1) identify upstream factors contributing to the current state of Indigenous cardiovascular health, 2) suggest culturally responsive approaches to engage Indigenous patients and communities, and 3) propose strategies to enhance collaborative, culturally safe research and healthcare access in Indigenous communities in Canada.


      List of abbreviations:

      CV (cardiovascular), CVD (cardiovascular disease), TRC (Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada)
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      1. Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada: Calls to Action. 2015. Available at: Date accessed: January 17, 2022.

      2. Statistics Canada. Statistics on Indigenous peoples. 2021. Available at: Date accessed: Jan 5, 2021.

        • Reading J.
        Confronting the Growing Crisis of Cardiovascular Disease and Heart Health Among Aboriginal Peoples in Canada.
        The Canadian journal of cardiology. 2015; 31: 1077-1080
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        • Nguyen T.
        • Sinclaire M.
        • et al.
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        • Peltier C.
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