Canadian Journal of Cardiology

Establishing a Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery Program

Published:August 03, 2022DOI:
      Minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS) is an emerging area that can offer a safe alternative in managing a growing patient population. MICS can also provide important benefits, so centres may elect to establish dedicated MICS programs. Herein, we have summarized the components that we believe can be key to establishing a successful MICS program.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Canadian Journal of Cardiology
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Matkovic M.
        • Tutus V.
        • Bilbija I.
        • et al.
        Long Term outcomes of the off-pump and on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting in a high-volume center.
        Sci Rep. 2019; 9: 8567
        • Ram E.
        • Amunts S.
        • Zuroff E.
        • et al.
        Outcomes of isolated surgical aortic valve replacement in the era of transcatheter aortic valve implantation.
        J Cardiac Surg. 2020; 35: 1452-1457
        • Chancellor W.Z.
        • Hunter Mehaffey J.
        • Clark S.A.
        • et al.
        Outcomes of surgical mitral valve replacement: a benchmark to assess transcatheter technologies.
        J Card Surg. 2021; 36: 69-73
        • Chang C.
        • Raza S.
        • Altarabsheh S.E.
        • et al.
        Minimally invasive approaches to surgical aortic valve replacement: a meta-analysis.
        Ann Thorac Surg. 2018; 106: 1881-1889
        • Gilmanov D.
        • Bevilacqua S.
        • Murzi M.
        • et al.
        Minimally invasive and conventional aortic valve replacement: a propensity score analysis.
        Ann Thorac Surg. 2013; 96: 837-843