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Canadian Journal of Cardiology

A Practical Approach to Optimizing Neurodevelopment in Children With Congenital Heart Disease

Published:September 04, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cjca.2022.08.229
      Years of clinical and research work have shown that children with CHD are at increased risk of neurodevelopmental challenges. Early gross motor delays, language and mild cognitive delays, and an increased risk for hearing loss and feeding difficulties frequently characterize their development. As they grow older, delays/deficits in executive function and learning disabilities might prevail. Although delays in each area of development might be mild, they frequently occur in combination. The association of such delays is often taxing, affecting the child’s ability to function and participate at home, at school, and in the community.
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