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Canadian Journal of Cardiology

Determining the Importance of Various GEnders, Races and Body Shapes for CPR Education Using Mannikins: Images in MedIa (DIVERSE II)

Published:November 20, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cjca.2022.09.023
      In the United States, there are approximately 356,000 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) annually.
      • Tsao C.W.
      • Aday A.W.
      • Almarzooq Z.I.
      • et al.
      A report from the American Heart Association.
      ,

      Liblik K, Byun J, Lloyd-Kuzik A, et al. The DIVERSE study: Determining the Importance of Various gEnders, Races, and Body Shapes for CPR Education Using Manikins [e-pub ahead of print]. Curr Probl Cardiol doi:10.1016/j.cpcardiol.2022.101159.

      Nearly 90% of these arrests are fatal, indicating a significant public health burden. Several factors impact the outcomes of OHCA, with the main contributing factor being effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
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      References

        • Tsao C.W.
        • Aday A.W.
        • Almarzooq Z.I.
        • et al.
        A report from the American Heart Association.
        Circulation. 2022; 145: e153-e639
      1. Liblik K, Byun J, Lloyd-Kuzik A, et al. The DIVERSE study: Determining the Importance of Various gEnders, Races, and Body Shapes for CPR Education Using Manikins [e-pub ahead of print]. Curr Probl Cardiol doi:10.1016/j.cpcardiol.2022.101159.

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      Linked Article

      • Removing the “Man” in “Manikin”: The Importance of Sociodemographic Diversity in Resuscitation Training
        Canadian Journal of Cardiology
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          Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide.1 These unexpected events are tragic, placing a psychological burden on survivors, families, friends, health care providers, and entire communities.2 In Canada alone, nearly 35,000 OHCAs occur annually and < 10% of such patients survive to hospital discharge.3,4 Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and automated external defibrillator (AED) use improve survival after OHCA.5-7 Recent North American estimates have shown that only 41% of OHCA patients receive bystander-initiated CPR and < 6% have an AED applied by a bystander before the arrival of professional responders.
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