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Canadian Journal of Cardiology

Benefits of cardiac rehabilitation programs, physical exercise, and cognitive training on cognitive deficits in cardiovascular diseases

  • Louis Bherer
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author Dr. Louis Bherer, Ph.D.
    Affiliations
    Research Center and Centre ÉPIC, Montreal Heart Institute, Montréal, QC, Canada

    Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada

    Research Center, Institut Universitaire de Gériatrie de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada
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  • Florent Besnier
    Affiliations
    Research Center and Centre ÉPIC, Montreal Heart Institute, Montréal, QC, Canada

    Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada
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  • Caroll-Ann Blanchette
    Affiliations
    Research Center and Centre ÉPIC, Montreal Heart Institute, Montréal, QC, Canada

    Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada
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Published:November 02, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cjca.2022.10.030
      Cognitive deficits are common in individuals with cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Heart-brain interactions are gaining more attention nowadays mainly due to the increasing life expectancy that will lead to an increased prevalence of age-related cognitive deficits, dementia as well as CVD. In healthy older adults, the benefits of physical exercise and cognitive stimulation on cognitive performances have been well documented. Here we report on the potential benefits of these approaches and cardiac rehabilitation programs on cognitive and brain functions in CVD patients and the potential underlying physiological mechanisms supporting these beneficial effects.

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