With the aging of the population in western countries, the prevalence of heart valve disease (HVD) is dramatically increasing and is a clear example of a hidden epidemic within cardiovascular disease. HVD results in substantial morbidity and mortality and places a significant burden on already scarce health care resources. However, outcomes after HVD diagnosis could improve if diagnosed early. The global burden of HVD, which has historically focused on rheumatic heart disease, has also transitioned to a greater focus on degenerative HVDs.
1Nevertheless, with the increase in the immigration rate because of sociopolitical conflicts and environmental crisis, we might observe an increase in the rate of rheumatic disease in developed countries.
- Nkomo V.T.
- Gardin J.M.
- Skelton T.N.
- Gottdiener J.S.
- Scott C.G.
- Enriquez-Sarano M.
Burden of valvular heart diseases: a population-based study.
Lancet. 2006; 368: 1005-1011
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- Burden of valvular heart diseases: a population-based study.Lancet. 2006; 368: 1005-1011
- Global burden of cardiovascular diseases and risk factors. Update from the GBD 2019 study.J Am Coll Cardiol. 2020; 76: 2982-3021
- Older adults and population aging statistics.(Available at:)
- Large-scale community echocardiographic screening reveals a major burden of undiagnosed valvular heart disease in older people: the OxVALVE Population Cohort Study.Eur Heart J. 2016; 37: 3515-3522
- Educational series on the specialist valve clinic: challenges in the diagnosis and management of valve disease: the case for the specialist valve clinic.Echo Res Pract. 2019; 6: T1-T6
Published online: January 27, 2023
Accepted: January 19, 2023
Received: December 30, 2022
Publication stageIn Press Journal Pre-Proof
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